GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE INSTITUTE
L.V.Pisarzhevskii Institute of physical chemistry of NAS of Ukraine is one of the most well-known scientific centers in Ukraine, which carries out fundamental and applied studies in different fields of modern physical chemistry.
The Institute was founded on November 6, 1927. Its founder and the first director was academician L.V.Pisarzhevskii (1874-1938) - one of the most outstanding scientists in chemistry of the XX century. During 30 years (from 1939 till 1969) the Institute was headed by academician O.I.Brodskii (1895-1969), from 1969 till 1982 - by academician of NAS of Ukraine K.B.Yatsimirskii, from 1982 - academician of NAS of Ukraine V.D.Pokhodenko (at present - Honors Director of the Institute), since November 28, 2008 the Institute is headed by academician of NAS of Ukraine V.G.Koshechko.
Studies of the scientists of the Institute in fundamental problems of catalysis, chemistry of isotopes, chemistry of free radicals and mechanisms of chemical reactions, adsorption and adsorbents, physical chemistry of coordination compounds, photochemistry deserved general recognition and high appraisal in Ukraine and abroad. Pioneer works of the founder of the Institute academician L.V.Pisarzhevskii in the field of electronic chemistry are well-known, and they became the basis for modern concepts on various chemical phenomena and processes. Due to the works of academician O.I.Brodskii "heavy water" was obtained in the Institute for the first time in USSR, which was required for atomic project in USSR, as well as concentrates of heavy isotopes of oxygen and nitrogen were prepared. The phenomenon of heterogeneous-homogeneous catalysis, which constitutes the basis of many industrial catalytic processes, was discovered by Prof. V.M.Polyakov, synthetic zeolites were obtained by Prof. I.O.Neymark for the first time in USSR. Studies of academician V.A.Royter on macrokinetics of heterogeneous catalysis, academician K.B.Yatsimirskii on physico-inorganic chemistry, Prof. B.Ya.Dain on mechanism of electron phototransfer, as well as works of any other leading scientists of the Institute, who discovered a number of new effects and phenomena, important for various fields of physical chemistry, became the parts of a treasury of world science.
In recent years physico-chemical principles of design and directed synthesis of new nanosrucutred and nanocomposite materials with pre-determined conducting, catalytic and photocatalytic, sorption, luminescent, magnetic and other important functional properties were created in the Institute. A number of new functional materials and processes were proposed, which were implemented on the enterprises of different branches of industry and social sphere: catalysts for deactivation of industrial gas exhausts of stationary and mobile sources, light-sensitive compositions for instrument engineering and polygraphy, methods and means for non-destructive control and repair of equipment, technologies of radiation-chemical modification of polymers for power complex and communal facilities.
The Institute unites 6 scientific departments, 2 laboratories and Production-technological complex of state enterprises of the Institute "Radma", "Katek", "Koloran".
The Institute carries out research in 5 scientific directions:
• Theory of chemical structure, kinetics and reactivity
• Adsorption and adsorbents
• Chemistry of high energies
• Physico-inorganic chemistry
PRIORITIES OF RESEARCH IN SCIENTIFIC DIRECTIONS
Theory of chemical structure, kinetics and reactivity
Priorities of research: physical chemistry of conducting organic polymers and composite (nanocomposite) materials on their basis; size and quantum-size effects; directed control of functional properties of such systems for their use; elementary acts, kinetics and mechanism of electron-induced processes of "small" molecules conversion (CO, CO2, SO2, NO, freons, etc.); electrocatalysis of such processes; non-traditional electroorganic syntheses with their participation.
Priorities of research: structural-functional design of new generations of heterogeneous catalysts (nanosized systems) for processes of the direct selective transformation of single-carbon molecules into valuable chemical products; hydrogen obtaining and purification; neutralization of industrial gaseous exhausts from mobile and stationary sources; transformation of gases which cause "greenhouse effect"; catalytic reactions on fractal surface layers, etc.
Adsorption and adsorbents
Priorities of research: template sol-gel synthesis, functionalization and physico-chemical properties of zeolites, mesoporous molecular sieves, porous oxides of transition metals etc.; creation of nanoperiodic and nanosized composites and materials of different functional destination on their basis, in particular, adsorbents, carriers, catalysts, etc.
Chemistry of high energies
Priorities of research: photophysical, photochemical and photocatalytic processes in systems, which contain nanosized particles of semiconductors and dyes, heterostructures and composites on their basis; new generations of light-sensitive materials for systems of recording and reproduction of information; electronics, environmental protection, etc.
Priorities of research: physical chemistry of coordination compounds; molecular design of new classes of mono- and oligonuclear transition metal complexes, coordination polymers, high-spin systems and creation of modern functional materials on their basis (high-sensitive sensor systems, micro- and nanosized magnetic powders, selective sorbents, etc.).
The Institute issues scientific journal "Theoretical and experimental chemistry", which is translated in English in full extent, issued and distributed on subscription in many countries of the world by editorial house Springer US.
Studies of the Institute in different fields of physical chemistry deserved wide international recognition, which is evidenced by close and fruitful cooperation with numerous leading scientific centers of different countries - Russia, USA, countries of Western Europe, as well as Japan, China, etc., fulfillment of joint research in the frames of the projects and grants of international programs and organizations, by contracts with large foreign corporations and firms.
For success in development of chemical science, wide implementation of its achievements in production, training of scientific staff of high qualification the Order of Red Banner of Labor (1969), Honors Diplomas of Presidium of Supreme Soviet (Verkhovna Rada) of Ukrainian SSR (1977 and 1987), of Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2007) were awarded to the Institute. High state awards were awarded to many employees of the Institute, State Prizes of USSR and Ukrainian SSR, State Prizes of Ukraine, Prizes named after outstanding scientists of the Academy of sciences of USSR and the Academy of sciences of Ukraine, prizes and medals of foreign academies were awarded to a row of cycles of scientific and scientific-technical works of Institute's employees.